in the Public Realm
Audubon Ballroom

Audubon Ballroom
Olivia Pei
Sites at this Tour Stop...

Audubon Ballroom

About this Tour Stop...

If you choose to continue your tour, please exit the church onto 154th St. Walk west, and turn right on Broadway. Walk north until you reach 165th St. The Audubon Terrace will be on your right at 3940 Broadway. The Ballroom is best known as the site of Malcolm X’s assassination on February 21, 1965. After Malcolm X left the Nation of Islam in 1964, he founded the Organization of Afro-American Unity and held weekly meeting of the organization at Audubon Ballroom. At one of those meetings, Malcolm X was assassinated. Columbia University bought the building in 1980, with the intention of tearing it down. Many activist groups protested and the University eventually agreed to restore a portion of the original façade of the Audubon Ballroom and build a museum inside to honor Malcolm X. In 2005 the University announced the opening of the museum, the Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center.